Content of the material
- How to Get Rid of Lizards Tip #1: DIY a Pepper Spray
- In Short, What You Should Keep in Mind
- How Many Times Can You Use A Pepper Spray?
- What Makes Pepper Spray So Hazardous?
- Does Pepper Spray Expire?
- What Does Pepper Spray Contain and Which Type to Use Against Wild Animals?
- Extra Spicy Aphid Killer Spray
- Simple Aphid Killer Spray
- You were pepper-sprayed: now what?
- How to Get Rid of Lizards Tip #3: Air Out Cabinets Regularly
- What do you feel when youre sprayed with pepper spray?
- What should you do if you are sprayed?
How to Get Rid of Lizards Tip #1: DIY a Pepper Spray
To get rid of lizards and prevent them from returning, pepper water is a safe-to-use trick. Mix some black pepper powder in water and spray the solution into anywhere that you usually find the offending pests. It is said that pepper irritates lizards due to an ensuing allergic reaction, so they’ll likely stay away from those spots. Tabasco sauce, chilli flakes and red chilli powder work just as well.
In Short, What You Should Keep in Mind
Pepper spray is a weapon and in consequence you have to treat it accordingly, with care and awareness; especially the type of spray used for protection against wild animals because it is many times more powerful, you can’t fool around with it like school children making a stupid joke in the classroom, its effects can be very traumatizing.
Always assess the context in order to judge correctly if it’s safer to use it or not – in some cases it can aggravate the situation and instead of saving your skin, can ultimately bruise it or worse. Sometimes the conditions might hinder the desired effect, other times it can trigger more aggressiveness from the animal and put you in more danger.
You should also be aware of the wild area you are exploring and the animals that populate it. Different animals have different approaches – the most casual encounters are with bears as they can be more frequently taken by surprise by your presence, wolves or mountain lions have a more sensitive smell and they will feel you from a greater distance.
Learning their behavior and instincts will tell you if they want to attack or just scare you away.
In all cases, fear is what unleashes the animal to charge. In most cases all wild animals will try to avoid meeting humans, even if you’re entering their territory, they are most probably more afraid than you are – exceptional circumstances might make them consider you pray (usually you are a potential enemy) like after long periods of drought when food is scarce.
How Many Times Can You Use A Pepper Spray?
Depends on the particular brand, but as a general rule of thumb, your average pepper spray canister has about 20 shots on average.
Anyhow, some may have 16 to 18, while others over 30 shots.
It all boils down to the specific spray that you’ve bought.
And if you’ve had yours for a while and used it a few times but you’re unsure how many shots you have left, there’s an easy way to get an estimation.
Simply shake the canister a few times.
If it feels too light and there’s no sound of the liquid inside moving around as you shake the canister, then it’s probably almost empty.
What Makes Pepper Spray So Hazardous?
Apart from the obvious risk of explosion, the contents of the spray are hazardous as well. The active ingredient in pepper spray is highly concentrated capsaicin.
This is the compound that is responsible for the heat in peppers. It can incapacitate the affected individual by causing them a great deal of pain.
When sprayed directly into the eyes, it can also cause blindness due to abrasions to the cornea.
According to the National Poison Control Center, pepper spray will irritate your skin, eyes, and mucus membranes in your upper respiratory tract.
If you inhale the spray, you might start to cough, feel irritation in your nose and throat, and get a runny nose.
Does Pepper Spray Expire?
Yes, a pepper spray can very well expire.
Once it does, it loses its potency.
Now, the last thing you want in a life-threatening situation is for your pepper spray to have lost its effectiveness.
Now, note that in the video above the guy uses a pepper spray from the 90s and apparently it still has some sting to it.
But do you think that it’s as effective today as it was 20 years ago? No way.
Modern pepper spray products have a shelf life ranging from roughly 3-5 years.
Basically, the effectiveness of the spray will deteriorate as time goes by.
That’s why you need to always check the expiration date on the canister.
If it’s close to its expiration date or even worse if it has expired – better buy another one.
What Does Pepper Spray Contain and Which Type to Use Against Wild Animals?
The main ingredient in pepper spray is oleoresin capsicum, oil extracted from cayenne peppers. Even though maybe you’ve been lucky enough not to experience this kind of scathing steam on your own skin, you still have to be familiar with the incredible burning sensation of peppers whether on your throat or just on your fingers.
Remember it and you can imagine the damage degree than a concentrated solution of this compound, can produce.
There are several types of pepper spray on the market, each designed for a particular use, varying in terms of concentration – for police use only, for personal protection against other humans and for protection against wild animals, specifically bear pepper spray.
You will want to be sure to buy the one that explicitly says bear use – these ones have a very high concentration of capsaicin and they also come in generously large recipients.
Of course, you can use it against mountain lions, wolves, coyotes or any other animal. The effect is as damaging and there haven’t been any deadly cases registered. Beware though, do not ever use this type of pepper spray on humans and also check the legislation in your country regarding the possession of this type of weapon, you may want to leave it home when wandering the streets of a city.
But how does it work? The spray shoots the atomized substance in the form a dense fog or mist at a distance of 5-9 meters. The moment it reaches the animal’s nose and eyes it immediately causes the mucous membrane to swell, it dilates the capillaries, thus restricts sight and breathing, inducing coughing, chocking, nausea.
Extra Spicy Aphid Killer Spray
- 3 hot peppers chopped finely
- 1 quart of water
Mix peppers with water and let seep overnight. Strain and pour into spray bottle and spray liberally on tops and bottom of leaves ensuring aphids are covered completely. WARNING: You care not to get this spray in your eyes.
Simple Aphid Killer Spray
- 1 tsp dishwashing soap
- Fill 32 oz spray bottle with water
Shake and spray liberally on tops and bottom of leaves ensuring aphids are covered completely.
You were pepper-sprayed: now what?
Most of the time, pepper spray is not used to control a crowd, but to deter or incapacitate a person in a one-on-one situation. The weapon’s sole purpose is to stop an attacker by inducing an almost-immediate burning sensation on their skin and in their eyes, nose, and mouth.
It’s similar to how you may feel when you’re chopping onions—your eyes immediately become irritated and you start to tear up. If you’ve been unfortunate enough to actually touch your eyes after slicing up a hot pepper, you’ve probably experienced another common pepper spray reaction—a blepharospasm.
That’s when your eyes shut tight and you have no control over your eyelids, so you can’t open them up. This is an automatic bodily response that aims to protect your eyes from whatever is irritating them, but it’s a bit counterintuitive—your eyes produce tears to wash away the irritant, so not being able to blink makes it harder to flush out. And that’s not the only problem.
“You can’t keep your eyes open, which often causes disorientation and agitation,” says Rohini Haar, an emergency physician and a research fellow at the Human Rights Center at the University of California, Berkeley.
Wearing tight swimming goggles or even big ski goggles may help protect your eyes, but recent videos from the protests against police brutality show law enforcement getting really close to demonstrators. Some officers have even pulled down protective equipment such as face masks or glasses before they spray. If this happens to you, goggles may not help, but they might redirect some of the spray or give you an extra second to duck.
Even if the spray doesn’t go directly into your nose and mouth, the agitation will make you breathe harder. This will make you inhale the spray, spreading the irritation and burning sensation into your airways and lungs. You will start to cough and your nose and mouth will produce extra saliva and mucus as your body tries to get rid of the OC. This might trigger a suffocating feeling that can lead to panic.
“The whole point is to get people to disperse,” says Harr. “But getting pepper sprayed has never caused people to calmly and safely disperse.”
Because OC spray is an oil, it’s hard to wash off and its effects last longer. The best way to eliminate it is to wash the area thoroughly with soap and water. Baby shampoo is a less-irritating alternative, says Harr. Milk has also been reported to help with symptoms, but there’s no scientific evidence to back this up. Also, oil repels milk, so dumping dairy on your face won’t help get OC spray off your skin.
If you ever get sprayed, first find help from somebody who can be your eyes and then immediately move somewhere safe where you can wash your face. Afterward, stay in an open space and wait it out—the air will help you recover. Psychologically speaking, having a particular goal or task in mind has been proven to help people fight through the effects of pepper spray despite the discomfort. Just keep thinking about the next step you need to take—to find water or get to a quieter place—and focus on that.
Sadly, once your skin, eyes, and airways are irritated, there’s not much you can do about it. Soap, fresh air, and even commercially available pepper spray relief will help prevent further contamination but won’t soothe your pain. Ingesting pepper spray affects your body differently, but you’ve still got to wait out the effects.
Rohini says she’s had to treat pepper spray victims in the ER. Those who were sprayed directly in the mouth experienced severe gastrointestinal distress, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain that lasted hours—sometimes days. Unfortunately, there’s not much doctors can do to stop the source of those problems, she says.
“I could give you something for your nausea and something for your pain, and some fluids,” she says. “But it’s just to treat your symptoms. You can’t fix that irritation.”
It might be hard not to scream while you’re being pepper-sprayed, but you should try to keep your mouth closed as much as you can to prevent ingestion. The less OC there is in your digestive system, the better.
No matter where the spray hits you, seek medical attention if any symptoms last for more than 45 minutes or if you find the situation is unbearable even before that time.
How to Get Rid of Lizards Tip #3: Air Out Cabinets Regularly
Lizards are attracted to moist, damp places– and your cabinets fit the bill. Under-sink cabinets are the most at risk, so ensure it’s as dry and clean as can be. If you have a leaky pipe, consider fixing it as soon as you can, because it acts as a watering hole for lizards and contributes to the damp atmosphere. If you’re wondering how to keep lizards away, cleaning and airing out your cabinets on a regular basis is an easy way to prevent lizards from setting up a home and laying eggs.
What do you feel when youre sprayed with pepper spray?
Since it’s an irritant, it will cause burning in your eyes and throat, which leads to watery eyes, a cough, and even gagging.
How much does it hurt? In one study of people voluntarily getting sprayed with pepper spray as part of police or military training found that people rated their eye discomfort between a 9.6 and 9.7 out of 10, but that decreased to between 8.7 and 7.2 in 10 minutes. Pain and irritation lasted 15 minutes or more. Most experts say that you’ll continue to feel the burn for a lot longer than that.
These are the most common effects of pepper spray, although Dr. Glatter also notes that there can be more serious effects—people with asthma or other respiratory issues are especially vulnerable. “People with a significant or prolonged exposure have died after contact with pepper spray,” he has explained to Men’s Health (see our guide to protesting safely). Although the physician authors of Responding to Terrorism write that deaths are rare, usually occurring with severe and prolonged exposure in enclosed spaces.
What should you do if you are sprayed?
“The most important thing to remember is not to rub your eyes if you get sprayed. This will spread the compound deeper into your eye,” Dr. Glatter has explained to Men’s Health.
Use clean hands to carefully remove contact lenses if you wear them. Blink so you help your tears wash away the oily pepper spray.
“Applying baby shampoo to the affected eye is the most effective for neutralizing and removing the oil resin contained in pepper spray,” he says. Then irrigate your eyes. Ideally, use sterile saline, but it’s unlikely that you’ll have that with you, so use water. “Often several liters is necessary to adequately irrigate the eye after exposure. A 20-ounce bottle of water poured over your eye is just not enough,” he adds.
If you get pepper spray in your mouth, rinse that with huge amounts of water, too. “Sucking on ice chips may also help to alleviate burning on your lips, tongue, gums and roof of your mouth,” Dr. Glatter says. “While rinsing with milk may reduce pain in your mouth, it will not remove the oils present that are causing the pain.”
Wash yourself as soon as you are able, and wash your clothes, too (separately from other clothes). Over one to two hours, the pain should gradually dissipate. Seek medical attention if you think the spray has caused burns to your eyes or skin, or if you’re having trouble breathing.
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